The Prophet Muhammad’s (s.a.w) Mosque (Masjid al-Nabawi) in the City of Madinah is frequently visited by Muslims who generally stop there during the annual Hajj Pilgrimage, or upon the smaller Pilgrimage known as "Umrah."
Since the origin of man, it has been the way of God to continually send His signs and laws to mankind via mediums in the form of revelations. These revelations were bestowed upon individuals known as Prophets and Messengers.
God sent his Final Messenger, the Holy Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w), to Arabia at a time when people were in dire need of guidance and direction.
The Final Messenger of Allah lived for a period of sixty-two years (570-632 C.E).
Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) engaged in a lifelong struggle to break the shackles of ignorance that consumed the people of his time. He was officially called to Prophethood at the age of 40, and lived his life as the recipient of the Holy Qur’an (The Revelation of God).
The life of the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) can best be divided into four distinct parts:
- 1. Prior to the Bi’tha (Announcement of Prophethood)
- 2. After Prophethood (pre-Madinah)
- 3. Muhammad (s.a.w) as a Statesman (in Madinah)
- 4. The completion of faith (post-Conquest of Makkah)
Each of these periods deals with a unique area of the life of the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w), allowing people to better understand the circumstances in which the Messenger found himself, as well as his moral conduct.