Without doubt, the most important acts of worship are the daily prayers (al-Salat).
The Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) was always keen to remind Muslims of the importance of Salat, saying:
“Salat is the pillar of religion. If Salat is accepted (by Allah) all other deeds are accepted. If Salat is rejected then all other deeds are rejected”.
Muslims perform Salat 5 times a day, starting at dawn and ending with evening prayers.
Salat is performed in the following order:
- The Fajr prayer
- The Dhuhr prayer
- The Asr prayers
- The Maghrib prayer
- The Isha prayers
Salat is performed in units, involving reciting verses from the Qur’an, bowing and prostrating among other acts.
Salat is performed to remind Muslims of their position with regards to God their Creator and to show humbleness in this regard.
There are rules to be observed when performing Salat, such as ritual purity (Taharah) by performing Wudhu (or Ghusl if necessary), and even if the time for Salat has passed, they must be performed at a later time.
Aside from the daily Salat, there are other prayers that are compulsory when certain events occur, such as when a natural disaster occurs or after certain acts in the Hajj (Pilgrimage).