Al-Ma’ad - Resurrection or the hereafter is the belief that after death humans will be resurrected, or brought back to life, to be judged for their actions and rewarded or punished, depending on each individual’s worldly conduct.
It is one of the Five Pillars of Faith in Shi’a Islam.
The Qur’an and hadiths of the Prophet and Imams make it clear that belief in al-Ma’ad is part of the faith and those who reject it are not considered Muslims. The events of al-Ma’ad prepare us for events of the hereafter. One of the major events of the hereafter is the day of judgement where God decides who goes to heaven and hell.
Al-Ma’ad is the term we use to describe the events beginning with the moment of death right up to the entry to heaven or hell. Muslims believe that after our spiritual and physical resurrection we will face devine judgement.
The Qur’an is very clear on the events of al-Ma’ad and is mentioned in many verses such as:
And because the hour is coming, there is no doubt about it and Allah ressurect those who are in the graves (22:7).
“On the day when We will roll up heaven like the rolling up of the scroll for writings, as We originated the first creation, (so) We shall reproduce it; a promise (binding on Us); surely We will bring it about.” [21:104]